Glasgow: Culture, style and diversity
Glasgow is Scotland's largest city and is renowned for its culture, style and the friendliness of its people. Offering a blend of internationally-acclaimed museums and galleries, the city has stunning architecture, vibrant nightlife, fantastic shopping and a diverse array of restaurants and bars.
Vibrant and energetic, Glasgow enjoys a year-round buzz with an arts scene that regularly produces cutting-edge productions and attracts high-profile exhibitions that led to the city being crowned European City of Culture in 1990.
Glasgow was also the UK's City of Architecture and Design in 1999 and its architecture is an attraction in itself. The city centre has countless impressive Victorian structures and then there are the unique masterpieces of one of the city's most celebrated sons, the legendary architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Top 11 attractions in glasgow
1. Glasgow Cathedral
The city's most significant historic building is 12th-century Glasgow Cathedral, also known as St. Mungo Cathedral or the High Kirk of Glasgow. Seen from both inside and out, it looks as if it dropped out of a giant mold: the lines are clear, and there's no superfluous ornamentation. Projecting from the south transept is the Blacader Aisle, named after the first bishop of Glasgow. The grandest room in the cathedral, however, is the crypt housing the tomb of St. Mungo, founder of the bishopric, who was buried here in AD 603.
Next door is the St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art, which examines the world religions, their rites and how their doctrines deal with the issues of life and death. Exhibits include Egyptian mummies, Hindu statues, and a Zen Buddhist garden in the courtyard.
2. Glasgow school of art
Mackintosh's Art Academy is essential viewing for lovers of fine architecture. Completed in 1909, this Art Nouveau building confirmed the reputation of 28-year-old designer Charles Mackintosh, not just as a master of the exterior (the grand west facade is dominated by three 65-foot-high oriel windows, and the smaller windows on the east front are reminiscent of Scottish castles) but also as a superb interior designer.
The famous rooms, including the Principal's Room, one of the first of Mackintosh's "White Rooms;" the Mackintosh Room, where meetings of the Academy of Art are held; and the unique Library and Gallery are not open during restoration after the 2014 fire. However, student-led tours explore Mackintosh's work and influence and include galleries of his furniture and other works.
3. Kelvingrove Art gallery and museum
The bustling entertainment and shopping mecca of Sauchiehall Street, now almost entirely given over to pedestrians, is more than 1.5 miles long and offers the largest range of shops in the city. Sauchiehall Street ends at Argyle Street in the city's West End, a trendy area of cafés, restaurants, high-end shops, posh hotels, and, perhaps most importantly, the wonderful Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum. Opened in 1901, the museum has a fine collection of British and continental paintings, including such gems as Van Gogh's portrait of the Glaswegian art collector Alexander Reid and Salvador Dali's Christ of Saint John of the Cross.
4. George square and the merchant district
At the heart of Glasgow's historic Victorian city center stands the flower-bedecked George Square with its 12 statues of famous people associated with the city, including Robbie Burns, Walter Scott, and Queen Victoria. The east end of the square is dominated by the Town Hall and its 230-foot tower completed in 1890, while the Merchants' House is the headquarters of Britain's oldest Chamber of Commerce, founded in 1605. South of George Square, a group of mid-19th-century warehouses are part of the city's trendy Merchant City district that, along with The Italian Centre, offer unique cafés, restaurants, and designer boutiques.
5. a walk through the necropolis
Neighboring the Glasgow Cathedral is the Necropolis, a Victorian Gothic garden cemetery that covers 37 acres. It is filled with not only beautiful memorial stones but also sculptures and buildings designed by Glasgow artists, including Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Intricately carved Celtic crosses mingle here with weeping angels in atmospheric surroundings of tree-shaded walks that open to views of the cathedral and city.
6. The University of Glasgow: The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery
The University of Glasgow dates from 1451 and is the second-oldest school of higher education in Scotland. The University has employed many illustrious teachers including James Watt, Adam Smith and the "father of antiseptic surgery", Joseph Lister. A permanent exhibition at the Visitor Centre in University Avenue goes into more detail about the important discoveries made by these and other scientists who taught here.
Another famous scientist with connections to the university was William Hunter, an 18th-century Glaswegian doctor who bequeathed his collection of anatomical parts, coins and objets d'art to form the basis of the Hunterian Museum. The museum now includes collections from the departments of ethnography, zoology, geology and archaeology, including many finds from Roman sites. Artwork on display includes works by Rubens, Rembrandt and Reynolds. The gallery also houses the reassembled principal interiors from the Glasgow home of architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh and his artist-wife, Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh.
7. Riverside Museum and Tall Ship
Glasgow's award-winning Riverside Museum includes many of the exhibits from the city's former Transport Museum, including model ships, locomotives, trams, vintage cars, and horse-drawn carriages. The majority are Glasgow-built. A superb reconstruction of a 1938 Glasgow street has been added to the displays, as well as exhibits on immigration and disasters, featuring the sinking of the Lusitania.
The Tall Ship at Riverside is just outside, giving visitors the opportunity to explore the Glenlee, a Glasgow-built three-masted barque that has been carefully restored by the Clyde Maritime Trust.
8. Pollok House and Pollok Country Park
Close to four miles southwest of Glasgow's city center, the grounds of Pollok House cover an area of 355 acres. The home of the Maxwell family, this Edwardian mansion was built in 1752 by William Adam and his sons. The majority of the expansive building is now open for visitors to explore, from the grand entrance hall to the extensive servants' quarters. Sir William Stirling Maxwell's collection of Spanish paintings by El Greco, Goya, Murillo, and Velázquez hangs on display, as well as several significant works by William Blake.
The adventurous will want to try the unique "Escape the Past" game, a fully interactive exhibit that challenges players to solve puzzles and find their way back to present-day. The grounds of the estate include the Pollok Country Park, where you can admire the meticulously kept gardens or walk some of the trails that lead through woodlands and to the river side.
9. Kibble Palace and Glasgow Botanic Gardens
Built in 1873, Kibble Palace is one of the largest glasshouses in Britain and contains a collection of rare orchids; tree ferns from Australia and New Zealand; and plants from Africa, the Americas, and the Far East. It is located at Glasgow's Botanic Gardens, where you can explore more greenhouses and admire the Victorian sculptures located throughout the grounds.
Another beautiful park to visit is Bellahouston Park, site of the 1938 Empire Exhibition attended by more than 13 million visitors and still popular for its colorful flowerbeds.
10. Glasgow Green and the People's Palace
Laid out in 1662, Glasgow Green is by far the oldest of the city's parks and is an easy walk from the city center. One of the park's main attractions is the People's Palace, a museum built in 1898 that tells the story of Glasgow from 1750 through the 20th century. Exhibits include a reproduction of a "Single End" home from the 1930s, a look at "the steamie" bathhouses, and a display dedicated to remembering the dance hall at the Glasgow Barrowlands Ballroom.
The Winter Garden, a large conservatory at the back of the palace, contains a fine collection of tropical and subtropical plants. Be sure to also visit the lovely Doulton Fountain, the world's largest terracotta fountain. An impressive 46 feet high and 70 feet across, it was built to commemorate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee and contains figures from across the Commonwealth. Another attraction is Nelson's Monument, an impressive column built in 1806 to commemorate Horatio Nelson's victories.
11. The National Piping Centre and the Bagpipe Museum
The National Piping Centre is an excellent resource for those with a passion for bagpipes and drumming, whether as a performer or a fan. Lessons and courses are available, including intensive bagpipe schools held at a variety of locations worldwide. The National Piping Centre is also home to the superb Museum of Piping, which includes piping memorabilia belonging to Robbie Burns and the 17th-century Iain Dall MacKay chanter, the world's oldest surviving bagpipe relic.
A well-stocked shop brimming with piping related supplies, music, and mementoes is also open to the public (the center also has its own hotel and restaurant). Glasgow hosts the annual World Pipe Band Championship, the world's largest such festival, held every August on Glasgow Green.